Exploring Leadership Practices in the Lens of School Leaders at Primary Level

  • Nargis Yaqoob PhD Scholar, Department of Education, Sindh Madressatul Islam University
  • Dr. Zahid Ali Associate Professor, School of Education, American International Theism University Florida-USA
  • Dr. Noor Ullah Islamic Culture Center Oslo, Norway
Keywords: Head Teachers as a School Leaders, Positive School Culture, School Improvement


Leadership is a critical aspect of any organization, and educational institutions are no exception. School leaders play a vital role in shaping the vision and direction of a school, creating a positive school culture, and providing effective leadership to teachers and staff. Effective school leadership has been linked to improved student achievement, teacher satisfaction, and a positive school climate. However, leadership in the context of educational institutions is complex and multifaceted, and there is still much to be understood about the role of school leaders and their impact on school success. This research paper aims to explore the concept of leadership in the context of school leaders, including their roles, qualities, and challenges. This study used a qualitative research methodology, interviews were conducted with a total of four school leaders (head teachers) from different schools in the same town. Data was analyzed through systematically (organizing, transcribing, coding, categorizing) and using thematic analysis. The results of this study show that effective school leaders possess a combination of skills, qualities, and knowledge that enable them to manage the complexities of the education system, build relationships, and inspire others. This investigation yielded five school leadership practices: development of school plans, handling teammate suggestions, presence adds value, criticism handling, and task delegation. It is recommended that the administration and all stakeholders recognize the importance of motivating school leadership/headmasters/headmistresses and providing them with a smooth environment and the necessary resources to implement innovative approaches in their schools that improve quality teaching/learning. Furthermore, additional mixed method research on this issue is proposed in order to reach in-depth insights and aspirations.

How to Cite
Nargis Yaqoob, Dr. Zahid Ali, & Dr. Noor Ullah. (2023). Exploring Leadership Practices in the Lens of School Leaders at Primary Level. Research Journal of Social Sciences and Economics Review, 4(1), 180-186. https://doi.org/10.36902/rjsser-vol4-iss1-2023(180-186)